He was a genuinely provocative thinker and an immaculate writer. His fiction and his critical work are of equal interest. If you don't know his books, well, Crash, The Atrocity Exhibition, and the non-fiction collection A User's Guide To The Millenium are all immediately essential. Three of the feature films adapted from his oeuvre—Steven Spielberg's Empire of the Sun (1987), David Cronenberg's Crash (1996), and Jonathan Weiss's The Atrocity Exhibition (1999)—are as different from each other, it seems, asmight be considered possible. Yet each film accurately reflects and refracts essential portions of Ballard's vision. And each is an individual masterpiece.